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Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms
Abbreviations and Acronyms
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W

A

ACCESSORIALS
means surcharges and fees charged for a shipment in addition to transportation charges.

ACMI
means Aircraft, Crew, Maintenance, and Insurance – the typical pricing method for charter flights.

ACMS
See AMERIJET CARGO MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV)
means the replacement cost less depreciation of a particular cargo.

ACTUAL WEIGHT
means weight as measured by a standard scale (rounded up to the nearest pound).

ADVANCE ARRANGEMENTS
means the shipper must contact the carrier or carrier's local representative, prior to tender departure of the shipment.

AREA NO.1
means all of the North and South American Continents, Greenland, Bermuda, Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad, Bahamas, the Vergin Islands, the Leeward and Windward Islands, the State of Hawaii, Midway Island, Palmyra Island, Central America, Mexico, Panama, Turks & Caicos Islands, and Cayman Islands.

AIR WAYBILL/ AIRBILL (AWB)
which is equivalent to the term "air consignment note", means the document entitled "Air Waybill/Consignment Note" made out by or on behalf of the shipper which evidences the contract betweenthe shipper and Carrier for carriage of cargo over routes of the Carrier. See BILL OF LADING.

AIRPORT
means a landing area used regularly by aircraft for receiving or discharging cargo and premises adjacent thereto, which is designated by the carrier for acceptance, delivery, and Customs clearance of shipments.

AIRPORT TO AIRPORT
means a shipment of cargo that Amerijet accepts at the departure airport, and releases to the consignee or his representative at the destination airport.

AIRPORT TO DOOR
means a shipment of cargo that Amerijet accept at the departure airport, and delivers from the destination airport to the premises of the consignee or his representative.

AMERIJET CARGO MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (ACMS)
means Amerijet's internal software for customer data, pricing, reservations, booking, issuing Air Waybills, invoicing, etc.

ARTICLES OF EXTRAORDINARY VALUE (AEV)
means art works; bills of exchange; bonds; bullion or precious metals;currency; deeds; doré bullion; evidences of debt; furs; gems (cut or uncut); gold bullion, coined, uncoined, cyanides, dust, or sullides; jewelry (other than costume jewelry); money; promissory notes; pearls; platinum; securities negotiable; silver bullion, coined, uncoined concentrates, cyanides, precipitates, or sullides; stamps, postage or revenue; stock certificates; or any other individual item with a declared value, invoice value, or appraised value in excess of US$25,000.

AVAILABILITY TIME
means the time when a shipment will be ready for pickup.

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B

BILL OF LADING (B/L)
means the written transportation contract between the shipper and the Carrier (or their agents). It identifies the freight, who is to receive it, and place of delivery; and gives the terms of the agreement.
See AIR WAYBILL.

BONDED CARRIER
means a Carrier that has posted a bond with the government and received a license to carry merchandise and hold it "in bond" in a terminal or warehouse to await Customs clearance for entry into the country where the terminal or warehouse is located, or transshipment to another country. See IN BOND.

BONDED TERMINAL/BONDED WAREHOUSE
means a terminal or warehouse where merchandise is stored "in bond" to await Customs clearance for entry into the country where the terminal or warehouse is located, or transshipment to another country. See IN BOND

BOOKING
means a firm commitment to purchase transportation services for a specific shipment. It entails scheduling and paying for transportation of the shipment. See RESERVATION.

BREAKBULK
means to unpack or divide the parts of a consolidated shipment for distribution or reconsignment.

BULK SHIPMENT
means a shipment consisting of loose boxes or pieces that are not containerized, palletized, or wrapped or tied together. Also called LOOSE SHIPMENT.

BUNKER
means a ship's fuel tank, and by extension the fuel that goes into the tank.

BUNKER SURCHARGE
means the fuel surcharge for an ocean-freight shipment.

BUYER'S CONSOLIDATION
See EXCLUSIVE USE.

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C

CAPACITY LOAD (CAP LOAD)
means a vehicle loaded to the maximum cube or legal weight limit.

CARGO
which is equivalent to the term goods, means anything transported by a Carrier in an aircraft, ship, train, or truck, other than mail or baggage; provided that unaccompanied baggage moving under an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading is cargo.

CARNET
means a document issued by a Chamber of Commerce that allows the recipient to bring merchandise into a country temporarily for demonstration, display, etc., without paying Customs duties or posting a bond.

CARRIAGE
means transportation of a shipment by a Carrier.
See also, CARRIER

International Carriage
means (except when the Warsaw Convention/Montreal Protocol No. 4 is applicable) carriage in which according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure, and any place of landing are situated in more than one State. As used in this definition, the term "State" includes all territory subject to any sovereignty, suzerainty, mandate, authority, or trusteeship thereof. International carriage as defined by the Warsaw Convention/Montreal Protocol No.4 means any carriage in which according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure and the place of destination, whether or not there be a break in the carriage or trans-shipment, are situated either within the territories of a High Contracting Party, or authority of another State, even though that State is not a party to the Convention.

Domestic Carriage
means (except as otherwise specified) carriage in which according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure, the place of destination, and the entire transportation are within one sovereign State.

CARRIER
means, in general, a company in the business of moving property or persons. In an air-freight context, this definition applies to the Carrier issuing an Air Waybill, and to all Carriers that carry or undertake to carry the cargo under such Air Waybill or to perform any other services related to such air carriage.
See COMMON CARRIER.

CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN (CO)
means a document stating a commodity's country of origin (i.e., the country where the item enters international trade). Typically, it's the country where an item was made, but if an item was processed or assembled in a foreign trade zone, its country of origin is the country from which its raw materials or components came. Thus, an item's country of origin may not be the same country from which it is being shipped. What an item is, where it enters international trade, and its destination determine whether that item requires a CO.

CHARGEABLE WEIGHT
means the greater of actual (scale) weight or dimensional weight.
See ACTUAL WEIGHT and DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT.

CHARGES COLLECT
means the charges entered on the Air Waybill for collection from the consignee.

CHARTER
means an aircraft hired by a single customer for exclusive and temporary use. For charter flights, Amerijet typically provides the aircraft, crew, maintenance, and insurance.
See ACMI.

CLASS RATE
means a rate determined by distance and classification (the base or retail price).

CLASSIFICATION
means a publication that assigns ratings to various articles.

C.O.D.(Collect on Delivery)
See COLLECT.

C.O.D. (Cash on Delivery)
means payment in cash is due on delivery for accessorial services/special service charges.

COLLECT
means the consignee must pay transportation charges at the destination point.

COMMERCIAL INVOICE
means a document, required for Customs clearance, that must accompany all international shipments of non-document commodities. It describes the goods and states their value.
See PRO FORMA INVOICE.

COMMODITY
means a tangible good or product that is the subject of sale or barter, i.e., an article of commerce, that is being shipped.

COMMODITY RATE
means a rate published to apply on a specific article.

COMMON CARRIER
means a transportation company holding itself out to the general public at published rates.
See CARRIER.

CONNECTION TIME
means the time required to unload a shipment from one aircraft and load it onto another.

CONSIGNEE (CNEE)
means the person or entity to whom the articles are to be shipped. The consignee's name appears on the Air Waybill or Bill of Lading as the party to whom the Carrier is to deliver the shipment.

CONSIGNMENT
except as otherwise provided herein, means one or more packages, pieces, or bundles accepted by the Carrier from one shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot, and moving on one Air Waybill or Bill of Lading to one consignee at one address.
See SHIPMENT.

CONSIGNOR
means the party contracting with the Carrier for carriage of the shipment.
See SHIPPER.

CONSOLIDATOR
means a company that combines less-than-container loads of cargo from multiple shippers to fill a cargo container for transport.
See LESS-THAN-CONTAINER LOAD (LCL).

CONSULAR INVOICE
means a document certified by a destination country's consular official in the country where a shipment originates, describing the goods being transported and stating their value, for use in the destination country's Customs clearance process.

CONTAINER
means a large metallic box into which multiple smaller boxes or packages are placed to facilitate their transport on an airplane, ship, train, or truck.
See UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD).

CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES OR CONTIGUOUS U.S.A.
means the District of Columbia and all 48 contiguous United States of America.

CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES OR CONTINENTAL U.S.A.
means the District of Columbia and all 48 contiguous United States of America, plus Alaska.

CONTRACT CARRIER
means a Carrier hauling under contracts with specific shippers.

CONTRACT RATE
means a discount from published rates that a Carrier grants to a shipper in return for a guaranteed volume of freight shipments during the life of the contract. Also called NEGOTIATED RATE.

CONVENTION
means, unless the context requires otherwise, the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air, signed at Warsaw, October 12, 1929; or that Convention as amended by the Hague Protocol, 1955, whichever may be applicable to carriage hereunder.

CUSTOMS
means the government agency in each country that regulates, restricts, and assesses duties on goods being imported and exported, and the procedures and practices of a Customs agency.

CUSTOMS CLEARANCE
means the process by which Customs officials authorize a shipment originating in another country to enter the destination country.

CUSTOMS CONSIGNEE
which is equivalent to the term Customs Clearance Agent, means a Customs Broker or other agent of the consignee designated to perform clearance services for the consignee.

CUSTOMS DECLARATION
means an oral or written statement describing and stating the value of goods originating elsewhere and being imported into a destination country.

CUTOFF TIME
means the deadline for a shipment to be tendered for a specific flight. Also called DROP TIME.

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D

DANGEROUS GOODS
See HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.

DAYS
means full calendar days, including Sundays and legal holidays; provided that, for purposes of notification, the balance of the day upon which the Air Waybill is issued or flight commenced shall not be counted.

DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE
means the shipper's statement of the value of goods being shipped, the basis for shipping charges and for the Carrier's limit of liability for damage, delay, or loss.See VALUATION CHARGE

DECLARED VALUE FOR CUSTOMS
means the sale price or replacement cost of the goods. This amount must equal or exceed the declared value for carriage.

DELIVERY RECEIPT
means the delivery receipt copy of the freight bill, which the consignee signs at the time of delivery. The Carrier uses this document to establish proof of delivery, and as a legal record that the contract was acted upon.

DELIVERY SERVICE
means the surface carriage of inbound consignments from the airport of destination to the address of the consignee or that of their designated agent, or to the custody of the appropriate government agency when required.

DEMURRAGE
means detention of an airplane, ship, truck, or ULD (unit load device) due to a delay beyond the time allowed to load or unload its cargo; and the charge for such a delay.
See UNIT LOAD DEVICE.

DENSITY
means weight per cubic foot.

DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT (DIM WEIGHT)
means an estimate of weight based on the cubic space that a shipment occupies (rounded up to the nearest pound).

DIRECT FLIGHT
means a flight from origin to destination. It may be non-stop, or have intermediate stops along the way.

DIVERSION
means being sent to land somewhere other than the intended destination.

DOLLY
means a platform on wheels, pulled by a tractor, on which containers or pallets are placed for intra-airport transportation.

DOMESTIC RATE
means a rate(s) applying between two points within one country.

DOOR TO DOOR
means a shipment of cargo that Amerijet picks up and accepts at the premises of a shipper or his representative, transports to the departure airport, and delivers from the destination airport to the premises of the consignee or his representative.

DROP TIME
See CUTOFF TIME.

DUTY
means a tax on imports collected by a country's Customs officials.

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E

ESCORT
means an individual accompanying a shipment throughout its journey.

ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL - (ETA)
means the time a flight's arrival is anticipated, which may differ from its scheduled time of arrival due to operational factors.

ESTIMATED TIME OF DEPARTURE - (ETD)
means the time a flight's departure is anticipated, which may differ from its scheduled time of departure due to operational factors.

EXCHANGE RATE
means the rate used to convert an amount in one currency to an amount of equal value in another currency.

EXCEPTION RATING
means a rate higher than the general cargo rate for commodities that need special handling, such as live animals, perishables, and human remains.

EXCEPTION CLASS
means an exception-rated class of commodities.
See EXCEPTION RATING.

EXCESS VALUE
means the amount of declared value on a shipment that exceeds a Carrier's liability.

EXCLUSIVE USE
means a type of consolidation involving a shipper-owned container stationed at a warehouse to receive cargo from various suppliers, all bound for the same consignee. Known in Europe as BUYER'S CONSOLIDATION.

EXPORT CONTROL CLASSIFICATION NUMBER (ECCN)
means an alphanumeric code assigned by the U.S. Commerce Department's Bureau of Industry and Security to control the export and reexport of commodities, technology, and software with both civilian and military uses.

EXPORT LICENSE
means a government document that gives the recipient permission to export specified goods to certain stated destinations.

EXPORT TRAFFIC
means destined to points outside the United States.

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F

FIRMS CODE
means a U.S. Customs location code issued to a bonded warehouse, terminal, or other facility.

FLAT RATE
means a set dollar amount to move a shipment from Point A to Point B; not a mileage rate.

FLATBED
means a trailer with no sides.

FOREIGN TRADE ZONE (FTZ)
means a space within U.S. territory that is considered to be outside the U.S. for Customs purposes. Manufacturing, processing, storage, and display may take place within an FTZ. No duty is due on items imported into an FTZ, held within it, or exported out of it; duty becomes due only when items move out of an FTZ for sale in the U.S. market.

FREIGHT FORWARDER
means one who accepts freight tendered by customers under his own tariff, consolidates it into larger shipments, prepares necessary documents, and contracts with Carriers to transport the shipments.

FULL CONTAINER LOAD (FCL)
means an entire cargo container devoted exclusively to one shipper's cargo.
See LESS-THAN-CONTAINER LOAD.

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G

GATEWAY CITY
means the port where cargo in international commerce enters or leaves a country.

GENERAL CARGO
means any consignment except a consignment containing articles of extraordinary value, valuable cargo, or exception-rated commodities.

GCX
means Amerijet's General Cargo Express product. It guarantees movement on the next available flight. GCX shipments move at the highest priority.

GOLD BULLION
means refined or unrefined gold in ingot form, doré bullion, gold specie, and semi-manufactured products of gold (including only grain, sheet, foil, powder, sponge, wire, rod, tube, circles, and castings).

GROSS WEIGHT
means the total weight of a shipment, including the cargo, all packing materials, and - if present - a unit load device.

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H

HARMONIZED SYSTEM (HS)
See HARMONIZED TARIFF SYSTEM (HTS).

HARMONIZED TARIFF SYSTEM (HTS)
means the international product classification system, an import code used for Customs and tariff purposes. It has a minimum of six digits, though some commodities include extra digits for more precise detail.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
means articles or substances which could pose a significant risk to health, safety, or property, named in Hazardous Material Regulations CFR 49, issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation, or as defined by IATA (International Air Transport Association).
Also called DANGEROUS GOODS.

HEALTH CERTIFICATE
means a document, issued by a licensed veterinarian, that qualifies a live mammal or bird for shipment.

HOUSE AIR WAYBILL (HAWB)
means the detailed information for each individual portion of a consolidated shipment.

HUMAN REMAINS
means the embalmed bodies of deceased individuals, as well as skeletons, tissue samples, internal organs, and blood.

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I

IATA CARRIER
means an airline member of IATA (International Air Transport Association).

IGLOO
means a container shaped to fit into the main deck of a standard-body cargo aircraft.

IMMEDIATE EXPORTATION
means a document issued at a shipment's initial U.S. port of entry to accompany the shipment as it passes in bond through the U.S. en route to another country, where it will clear Customs.

IMMEDIATE TRANSPORT
means a document issued at a shipment's initial U.S. port of entry to show that the shipment is ready for transport to the location where it will clear Customs. If the routing changes, the immediate transport document must be amended to inform Customs of the shipment's whereabouts.

IMPORT LICENSE
means a government document that gives the recipient permission to import specified goods into the country issuing the document.

IMPORT TRAFFIC
means originating outside the United States.

IN BOND
means storage of merchandise in a bonded terminal or warehouse to await Customs clearance for entry into the country where the terminal or warehouse is located, or transshipment to another country.
See BONDED CARRIER.

INCOTERMS
means international contract terms, defining the responsibilities of buyer and seller while a shipment is in transit. For definitions of all 13 INCOTERMS and a summary chart outlining buyer and seller responsibilities, see http://www.i-b-t.net/incoterms.html

INTERLINE
means more than one carrier is involved.

INTERMODAL TRANSFER
means the transfer of a shipment from one transportation mode to another, as from an aircraft to a truck.

INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA)
means the global trade and service organization for airlines flying international routes. Among other things, IATA grants its members permission to accept, carry, and bill for air shipments.

INTERSTATE TRAFFIC
means traffic that crosses state lines, including import/export traffic when the origin/destination and port of exit/entry are in same state.

INTRASTATE TRAFFIC
means traffic within one state, not crossing any state lines and not export/import traffic.

ISSUING CARRIER
means the carrier who issues an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading.

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J

JOINT RATE
means a rate applying via two or more carriers.

JOINT TRAFFIC
means freight moving from origin to destination via two or more carriers.

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K

K.D.
means knocked down, i.e. articles taken apart to reduce the size of the shipping unit.

K.D.F.
means knocked down flat.

KNOWN SHIPPER
means a shipper authorized to ship items weighing over 16 ounces via passenger air carriers when the shipment originates on an Amerijet Air Waybill in the United States,. To qualify for Known Shipper status, a shipper must apply and undergo an on-site inspection of his residence or place of business.
See UNKNOWN SHIPPER.

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L

LEGAL HOLIDAYS
means local, state, or national holidays.

LESS-THAN-CONTAINER LOAD (LCL)
means a container holding cargo from several shippers, each of whom provides a portion of the load. Shippers with too little cargo to fill an entire container work through a freight consolidator to arrange for LCL transportation.
(See CONSOLIDATOR).

LETTER OF CREDIT
means a method by which a bank serves as an intermediary in a transaction to guarantee the flow of funds from buyer to seller, and delivery of goods to the buyer. The bank issues a letter specifying the precise conditions under which the bank may release the stated amount to the recipient. In a letter of credit transaction, the Carrier must have a written release from the bank listed on the Air Waybill or Bill of Lading before turning the cargo over to the consignee.

LOT
means the number of individual pieces in a shipment traveling under a single Air Waybill or Bill of Lading.

LOT LABEL
means a label or stencil applied to each individual piece of cargo in a shipment, identifying the shipment by the number of individual pieces; the shipment's Air Waybill or Bill of Lading number; the actual weight of each piece; the shipment's total actual weight; the shipment's route and destination airport, seaport, or trucking terminal; and the shipment date.

LINE HAUL
means movement of freight between terminals in the origin and destination cities. Line haul does not include pickup and delivery service.

LIVE ANIMALS
mean all mammals (other than humans), as well as other sentient creatures including but not limited to birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, crustacea, shellfish, insects, and worms.

LOCAL RATE
means a rate that applies to transportation over the lines or routes of one carrier only.

LOGISTICS
means the management of all aspects and details of cargo movement.

LOOSE SHIPMENT
See BULK SHIPMENT.

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M

MASTER AIR WAYBILL (MAWB)
means an Air Waybill that shows a consolidator as shipper of a consolidated shipment.

MASTER LOADER
means an International Air Transport Association (IATA) agent who consolidates shipments for airlines.

MEMORANDUM TARIFF or MEMO TARIFF
means a publication containing rate information and rules extracted from official tariffs. Amerijet publishes a Memorandum Tariff.

MERCHANDISE ENFORCEMENT TEAM (MET)
means a special U.S. Customs group that concentrates on copyright and trademark violations associated with importation of fake goods.

MINIMUM CHARGE (MC)
The minimum amount which applies for the transportation of air cargo service, no matter how small the shipment.

MIXED CHARGES
means the shipper and consignee split the charges for a shipment's transportation.

MY CARGO
means an interactive feature of the Amerijet Web site where registered Amerijet customers can track shipments and manage their accounts.

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N

NEGOTIATED RATE
See CONTRACT RATE.

NET WEIGHT
means the weight of a shipment's contents, not including the weight of any unit load device in which it travels.

NON-STOP FLIGHT
means a flight from origin to destination with no intermediate stops.

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O

OFFLOAD
means taking the cargo out of the Carrier's aircraft, vessel, or truck.

ON HAND (OH)
means a shipment has arrived at a particular airport and awaits pickup by the customer.

OVERCHARGE
means freight charges higher than the tariff rate.

OVER-PIVOT WEIGHT
means weight that exceeds the pivot weight.
See PIVOT WEIGHT.

OVERSIZED FREIGHT
means a piece or pieces which because of their dimensions, special tie-down requirements, top-loading restrictions, or floor-bearing weight limitations prevent other freight from being loaded on one or more carrier pallets.

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P

PALLET
means a platform or skid on which cargo sits, facilitating its movement with a forklift.
See UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD).

PERISHABLE SHIPMENTS
means those shipments that are subject to possible decay and/or deterioration due to temperature variations or inherent vice while in a Carrier's possession.

PERSONAL EFFECTS
mean wearing apparel, cosmetics, and toilet articles worn or used by an individual, not for resale.

PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION CERTIFICATE
means a document that the U.S. Department of Agriculture issues to certify that it inspected a shipment and found no evidence of pests or plant diseases. Some countries require such a certificate to accompany imported goods.

PICKUP
means the act of calling for freight at the shipper's dock.

PICKUP ORDER
means a document that a broker or forwarder issues to authorize a Carrier to release a shipment to a third party.

PICKUP SERVICE
means the surface carriage of outbound shipments from the point of pickup to the airport of departure.

PICKUP AND DELIVERY (P & D or PU & D)
means local movement of freight between the shipper's pickup point and the originating terminal, or between the destination terminal and the consignee.

PIECES AND WEIGHT
means shipment size.

PIVOT WEIGHT
means (for container rates) the weight at which an additional charge is incurred for each additional pound, or (for bulk rates) the actual weight at which the charge in a lower weight break exceeds the minimum rate for the next higher weight break.

PLATINUM
means platinum, platinum metals (palladium, iridium, ruthenium, osmium, and rhodium), and platinum alloys in un-manufactured form, i.e. grain, bar, sponge, ingot, sheet, rod, wire, tube, or strip.

PORT CODE
means the unique code for each U.S. Customs port of entry.

PORT OF ENTRY
means a place where Customs officers clear merchandise for entry into a country, collect duties, and enforce the country's Customs laws.

POSITION
means the space a unit load device occupies on a cargo aircraft.

PREPAID (PPD)
means that the shipper or a third party will pay transportation charges at the shipping point.

PRO NUMBER
means a serial number assigned to an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading (one of a progressive series of numbers).

PRO FORMA INVOICE
means a document that a seller gives a buyer before sending a shipment of goods, describing the merchandise and stating its value.
See COMMERCIAL INVOICE.

PROOF OF DELIVERY (POD)
means a document sent to the shipper, showing date and time a shipment was delivered, and the signature of the recipient.

PUBLISHED RATES
means the rates in a Carrier's published tariff for shipping cargo from a given origin to a given destination.
See MEMORANDUM TARIFF and TARIFF.

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Q

QUOTA
means a number or quantity limit set by a country on importation of a particular type of commodity. Importation above that limit may be prohibited, or allowed only after payment of additional duties.

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R

RATE
means the price charged for a cargo shipment.

RATE STRUCTURE
means a list of all prices a Carrier charges for cargo shipments according to specified criteria, such as a minimum charge, a charge by weight, or a commodity-based charge.

RECONSIGNMENT
means changing the consignee or destination on an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading prior to delivery.

RECOUP
means to put fresh bands or tape on a shipment that has come apart en route.

RECOVERY
means the act of a consignee picking up cargo, or of a delivery service picking up cargo for delivery to the consignee.

RECOVERY TIME
means the period between offloading of cargo and its readiness for recovery.

REEFER
means refrigerated equipment.

RESERVATION
means a request to a Carrier to hold space for transportation of a specific shipment on a specific date in anticipation of a future booking.
See BOOKING.

RIDER
means documents for a portion of one shipment that is traveling with another shipment.

ROAD FEEDER SERVICE (RFS)
means a trucking service that transports cargo from its pickup point to an air-freight carrier's originating airport.

ROLLERBED TRUCK
means a truck built for hauling unit load devices. It has rollers in the floor to help move the ULDs on and off.

ROUTING
means the path over which a shipment moves from origin to destination.

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S

SCHEDULE B NUMBER
means a 10-digit export code that the U.S. Census Bureau uses to collect trade statistics.

SCHEDULED TIME OF ARRIVAL
means a flight's published arrival time, which is subject to change due to operating conditions.

SCHEDULED TIME OF DEPARTURE
means a flight's published departure time, which is subject to change due to operating conditions.

SHIPMENT
See CONSIGNMENT.

SHIPPER
means the party contracting with the Carrier for carriage of the shipment.
See CONSIGNOR.

SHIPPER'S EXPORT DECLARATION (SED)
means a document required for any single commodity valued for Customs at more than $2,500, for household and personal goods regardless of value, for all cargo except documents destined for certain Asian and Eastern European countries, and for shipments requiring an export license.

SHIPPER'S LETTER OF INSTRUCTION (SLI)
means a document that a shipper uses to give a Carrier all necessary information about a shipment, and to empower the Carrier to issue an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading and sign it on the shipper's behalf.

SMALL-PACKAGE EXPRESS (SPX)
means Amerijet's expedited service for shipments of up to 60 pounds, with the highest boarding priority, the fastest transit time, and special attention throughout their journey.

SMALL-PACKAGE SERVICE (SPS)
means Amerijet's standard service for shipments of up to 60 pounds.

SPLIT SHIPMENT
means a shipment under a single master Air Waybill, divided for travel on separate flights, and sometimes entering a country through separate gateways.

SURVEYOR
means an independent professional who reports the facts of a claim for damaged or missing cargo and advises the Carrier or insurance company on the amount of loss.

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T

TARE WEIGHT
means the weight of an empty unit loading device, or of an empty truck.

TARIFF
means a publication that lists a schedule of transportation and charges, setting forth the rates and charges for services that a Carrier will perform for the general public.
See MEMORANDUM TARIFF and PUBLISHED RATES.

TENDER
means the act of presenting cargo to the Carrier for acceptance at the Carrier's originating location.

THIRD PARTY
means a person or entity, unrelated to the shipper or consignee, who is responsible for payment of the freight charges.

THROUGH RATE
means the rate from origin to final destination.

TRUCKLOAD (TL)
means either a full truck or enough weight to qualify for a truckload rate.

TRANSBORDER
means shipping to an adjacent country, such as from the U.S. to Canada.

TRANSFER MANIFEST
means the document issued when a Carrier transfers interline cargo, and endorsed by the Carrier receiving the cargo.

TRANSFER POINT
means an intermediate destination through which a shipment must pass en route to its final destination. Often an intermodal transfer occurs at a transfer point.
See INTERMODAL TRANSFER and TRANSFER TIME.

TRANSFER TIME
means the additional time required to move a shipment from its intermediate destination to its final destination.

TRANSPORT AIR CARGO MANIFEST (TACM)
means a document prepared at a U.S. port of entry for a shipment or shipments traveling on to another airport where U.S. Customs clearance will occur.

TRANSPORTATION AND EXPORTATION (T & E)
means a document prepared at a U.S. port of entry for a shipment passing through the U.S. en route to another country without requiring Customs clearance.

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U

UNIT LOAD
means the individual items that comprise the contents of a unit load device.

UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD)
means a container, pallet, or other apparatus for holding cargo within a space that conforms to a loading position within an aircraft.

"UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" or "THE UNITED STATES" or "THE U.S.A." or "U.S."
each means the area comprising the 48 contiguous federated states; The Federal District of Columbia; Alaska; the Hawaiian Islands; Puerto Rico; the U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa; and Canton, Guam, Midway, and Wake Islands.

UNKNOWN SHIPPER
means a shipper who has not been approved as a Known Shipper. Unknown Shippers may not ship items weighing over 16 ounces via passenger air carriers when the shipment originates on an Amerijet Air Waybill in the United States.
See KNOWN SHIPPER.

U.S. PACKAGE SERVICE
means an Amerijet service providing personal U.S. post-office box mailing addresses to international customers to give to vendors who require a U.S. mailing address. This service enables customers anywhere in the world to receive shipments from their favorite U.S. catalogs and Web sites.

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V

VALUABLE CARGO
means any shipment which contains one or more of the following:

    Any article having a declared value for carriage of $450.00 or more, per pound.
    Gold bullion (including refined and unrefined gold in ingot form), doré bullion, gold specie and gold only in the form of grain, sheet, foil, powder, sponge, wire, rod, tube, circles, moldings or castings; platinum; platinum metals (palladium, iridium, ruthenium, osmium and rhodium), and platinum alloys in the form of grain, sponge, bar, ingot, sheet, rod, wire, gauze, tube or strip (but excluding radioactive isotopes of the above metals and alloys which are subject to Hazardous Material Regulations, CFR 49, issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation).
    Legal banknotes; traveler's checks; securities; shares; share coupons; and stamps (excluding mint).
    Diamonds (including diamonds for industrial use), rubies, emeralds, sapphires, opals, real pearls, and cultured pearls.
    Jewelry consisting of diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires, opals, real pearls, and cultured pearls.
    Credit cards - blank, unissued.
    See ARTICLES OF EXTRAORDINARY VALUE.

VALUATION CHARGE
means an additional charge a shipper must pay when he declares a higher value for carriage than the Carrier's limits of liability.
See DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE.

VALUATION FOR CARRIAGE
See DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE.

VALUE FOR CUSTOMS
See DECLARED VALUE FOR CUSTOMS.

VOLUME WEIGHT
See DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT.

VOLUMETRIC WEIGHT
See DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT.

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W

WAREHOUSE RECEIPT (W/R)
means a document issued at a warehouse to acknowledge acceptance of goods stored there to await transport, pickup, or delivery.

WAREHOUSE TRANSFER
means movement of inbound cargo from one bonded warehouse to another.

WEIGHT BREAK
means the boundary between two adjacent weight ranges, with the higher range enjoying a lower per-pound or per-kilogram freight rate (equivalent to a volume discount).

WITHOUT RESERVE
means granting a shipper's agent or representative the power to make decisions without consulting the shipper.

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